Overdo$ed America

In de VS verscheen een nieuw boek over de methoden die farmaceuten gebruiken om de uitkomsten van onderzoeken in hun eigen voordeel om te buigen.


Het boek, geschreven door een Harvard docent en arts, draagt als ondertitel:


How the Pharmaceutical Companies Distort Medical Knowledge, Mislead Doctors, and Compromise Your Health”.


Op deze site tonen we al langer aan dat veel van de onderzoeken die bijvoorbeeld de gevaren van meeroken zouden bewijzen, ook tot stand komen door dit soort manipulaties, waardoor de objectiviteit van onderzoeken erg in gevaar komt.


Here are some specific means Dr. Abramson wrote about by which medical knowledge is
distorted:
• A clinical trial result can be published in a peer-reviewed journal where the results are not
statistically significant, yet claimed to be highly positive.
• Relative risk reduction (RRR) is used to magnify results when the absolute risk reduction is
small. If a drug, test, or device cuts the subjects with the medical condition from 2 in a million to 1
in a million, the RRR = 50%. But in such a case, why bother?
• Many clinical trials study mostly or entirely men, but the results are applied to women as well.
• Subjects in clinical trials may be 40-60 years old to start, but the results are then applied to those
70-90 years old and children.
• Key findings often are not in the abstracts of the articles reporting on clinical trials.
• Review papers are often written by drug industry experts to praise certain drugs.
• Clinical trials are stopped when the data become bad for the drug, not when the original trial
duration planned has been reached.
• Trials that do not favor the drug are not published or reported to the FDA.
• Advertisements for drugs ignore FDA warnings on over-promotion.
• Common conditions are elevated to pathological states to sell drugs.
• Surrogate endpoints (bone density, blood pressure, cholesterol) are substituted for clinically
certain endpoints (death, cancer, heart problems, ability to walk).
• Internet sites claiming to be patient focus groups are sponsored by drug companies.
• Continuing Medical Education seminars are produced by drug, test and device makers to sell their
products, not to educate.
• Physicians are wined and dined to favor certain corporate goals.


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Citaten

  • "Es ist schwieriger, eine vorgefaßte Meinung zu zertrümmern als ein Atom."
    (Het is moeilijker een vooroordeel aan flarden te schieten dan een atoom.)
    Albert Einstein

  • "Als je alles zou laten dat slecht is voor je gezondheid, dan ging je kapot"
    Anonieme arts

  • "The effects of other people smoking in my presence is so small it doesn't worry me."
    Sir Richard Doll, 2001

  • "Een leugen wordt de waarheid als hij maar vaak genoeg wordt herhaald"
    Joseph Goebbels, Minister van Propaganda, Nazi Duitsland


  • "First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win."
    Mahatma Gandhi

  • "There''s no such thing as perfect air. If there was, God wouldn''t have put bristles in our noses"
    Coun. Bill Clement

  • "Better a smoking freedom than a non-smoking tyranny"
    Antonio Martino, Italiaanse Minister van Defensie

  • "If smoking cigars is not permitted in heaven, I won't go."
    Mark Twain

  • I've alllllllways said that asking smokers "do you want to quit?" and reporting the results of that question, as is, is horribly misleading. It's a TWO part question. After asking if one wants to quit it must be followed up with "Why?" Ask why and the majority of the answers will be "because I'm supposed to" (victims of guilt and propaganda), not "because I want to."
    Audrey Silk, NYCCLASH