Rokengerelateerde ziektes

Relatieve Risico’s


RR’s voor relatie roken en diverse ziekten


RR waarden beneden 2 zijn niet statistisch relevant.















































































Disease Category Relative Risk Deaths from Smoking (US)
Cancer of pancreas 1.1 – 1.8 2,931*
Cancer of cervix 1.9 647*
Cancer of bladder 1.9 2,348*
Cancer of kidney, other urinary 1.2 – 1.4 353
Hypertension 1.2 – 1.9 5,450
Ischemic heart disease (age 35-64) 1.4 – 1.8 15,535*
Ischemic heart disease (age 65+) 1.3 – 1.6 64,789
Other heart disease 1.2 – 1.9 35,314
Cerebrovascular disease (age 35-64) 1.4 2,681*
Cerebrovascular disease (age 65+) 1.0 – 1.9 14,610
Atherosclerosis 1.3 1,267*
Aortic aneurysm 1.3 448*
Other arterial disease 1.3 372*
Pneumonia and influenza 1.4 – 1.6 10,552*
Other respiratory diseases 1.4 – 1.6 1,063*
Pediatric diseases 1.5 – 1.8 1,711
Environmental tobacco smoke 1.2 3,000
Total   163,071

* Number of deaths for this category assumes population deaths distributed between current and former smokers in same proportion as in Cancer Prevention Survey CPS-II, provided by the American Cancer Society.

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Citaten

  • "Es ist schwieriger, eine vorgefaßte Meinung zu zertrümmern als ein Atom."
    (Het is moeilijker een vooroordeel aan flarden te schieten dan een atoom.)
    Albert Einstein

  • "Als je alles zou laten dat slecht is voor je gezondheid, dan ging je kapot"
    Anonieme arts

  • "The effects of other people smoking in my presence is so small it doesn't worry me."
    Sir Richard Doll, 2001

  • "Een leugen wordt de waarheid als hij maar vaak genoeg wordt herhaald"
    Joseph Goebbels, Minister van Propaganda, Nazi Duitsland


  • "First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win."
    Mahatma Gandhi

  • "There''s no such thing as perfect air. If there was, God wouldn''t have put bristles in our noses"
    Coun. Bill Clement

  • "Better a smoking freedom than a non-smoking tyranny"
    Antonio Martino, Italiaanse Minister van Defensie

  • "If smoking cigars is not permitted in heaven, I won't go."
    Mark Twain

  • I've alllllllways said that asking smokers "do you want to quit?" and reporting the results of that question, as is, is horribly misleading. It's a TWO part question. After asking if one wants to quit it must be followed up with "Why?" Ask why and the majority of the answers will be "because I'm supposed to" (victims of guilt and propaganda), not "because I want to."
    Audrey Silk, NYCCLASH