Relatieve Risico’s voor roken

RR’s voor relatie roken en diverse ziekten

RR waarden beneden 2 zijn niet statistisch relevant.

Disease CategoryRelative RiskDeaths from Smoking (US)
Cancer of pancreas1.1 – 1.82,931*
Cancer of cervix1.9647*
Cancer of bladder1.92,348*
Cancer of kidney, other urinary1.2 – 1.4353
Hypertension1.2 – 1.95,450
Ischemic heart disease (age 35-64)1.4 – 1.815,535*
Ischemic heart disease (age 65+)1.3 – 1.664,789
Other heart disease1.2 – 1.935,314
Cerebrovascular disease (age 35-64)1.42,681*
Cerebrovascular disease (age 65+)1.0 – 1.914,610
Aortic aneurysm1.3448*
Other arterial disease1.3372*
Pneumonia and influenza1.4 – 1.610,552*
Other respiratory diseases1.4 – 1.61,063*
Pediatric diseases1.5 – 1.81,711
Environmental tobacco smoke1.23,000
Total 163,071

* Number of deaths for this category assumes population deaths distributed between current and former smokers in same proportion as in Cancer Prevention Survey CPS-II, provided by the American Cancer Society.

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  • "Es ist schwieriger, eine vorgefaßte Meinung zu zertrümmern als ein Atom."
    (Het is moeilijker een vooroordeel aan flarden te schieten dan een atoom.)
    Albert Einstein

  • "Als je alles zou laten dat slecht is voor je gezondheid, dan ging je kapot"
    Anonieme arts

  • "The effects of other people smoking in my presence is so small it doesn't worry me."
    Sir Richard Doll, 2001

  • "Een leugen wordt de waarheid als hij maar vaak genoeg wordt herhaald"
    Joseph Goebbels, Minister van Propaganda, Nazi Duitsland

  • "First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win."
    Mahatma Gandhi

  • "There''s no such thing as perfect air. If there was, God wouldn''t have put bristles in our noses"
    Coun. Bill Clement

  • "Better a smoking freedom than a non-smoking tyranny"
    Antonio Martino, Italiaanse Minister van Defensie

  • "If smoking cigars is not permitted in heaven, I won't go."
    Mark Twain

  • I've alllllllways said that asking smokers "do you want to quit?" and reporting the results of that question, as is, is horribly misleading. It's a TWO part question. After asking if one wants to quit it must be followed up with "Why?" Ask why and the majority of the answers will be "because I'm supposed to" (victims of guilt and propaganda), not "because I want to."
    Audrey Silk, NYCCLASH